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FASEB J. 2007 Oct;21(12):3096-106. Epub 2007 May 15.

Methylglyoxal induces advanced glycation end product (AGEs) formation and dysfunction of PDGF receptor-beta: implications for diabetic atherosclerosis.

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1
Inserm U-466 and Biochemistry Department, IFR 31, CHU Rangueil, University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Low molecular weight carbonyl compounds, such as the alpha-ketoaldehydes methylglyoxal (MGO) and glyoxal (GO), are formed under hyperglycemic conditions and behave as advanced glycation end product (AGE) precursors. They form adducts on proteins, thereby inducing cellular dysfunctions involved in chronic complications of diabetes.

METHODS AND MAIN FINDINGS:

Nontoxic concentrations of GO or MGO altered the PDGF-induced PDGFRbeta-phosphorylation, ERK1/2-activation, and nuclear translocation, and the subsequent proliferation of mesenchymal cells (smooth muscle cells and skin fibroblasts). This resulted mainly from inhibition of the intrinsic tyrosine kinase of PDGFRbeta and in part from altered PDGF-BB binding to PDGFRbeta. Concomitantly, the formation of AGE adducts (N(epsilon)carboxymethyl-lysine and N(epsilon)carboxyethyl-lysine) was observed on immunoprecipitated PDGFRbeta. Arginine and aminoguanidine, used as carbonyl scavengers, reversed the inhibitory effect and the formation of AGE adducts on PDGFRbeta. AGE-PDGFRbeta adducts were also detected by anti-AGE antibodies in PDGFRbeta immunopurified from aortas of diabetic (streptozotocin-treated) compared to nondiabetic apolipoprotein E-null mice. Mass spectrometry analysis of aortas demonstrated increased AGE formation in diabetic specimens.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indicate that MGO and GO induce desensitization of PDGFRbeta that helps to reduce mesenchymal cell proliferation.

PMID:
17504976
DOI:
10.1096/fj.06-7536com
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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