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Langmuir. 2007 Jun 19;23(13):6875-8. Epub 2007 May 16.

Picoliter water contact angle measurement on polymers.

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Laboratory of Biophysics and Surface Analysis, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, U.K.


Water contact angle measurement is the most common method for determining a material's wettability, and the sessile drop approach is the most frequently used. However, the method is generally limited to macroscopic measurements because the base diameter of the droplet is usually greater than 1 mm. Here we report for the first time on a dosing system to dispense smaller individual droplets with control of the position and investigate whether water contact angles determined from picoliter volume water droplets are comparable with those obtained from the conventional microliter volume water droplets. This investigation was conducted on a group of commonly used polymers. To demonstrate the higher spatial resolution of wettability that can be achieved using picoliter volume water droplets, the wettability of a radial plasma polymer gradient was mapped using a 250 microm interval grid.

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