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Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 May;125(5):647-54.

Effect of Smad7 gene overexpression on transforming growth factor beta-induced retinal pigment fibrosis in a proliferative vitreoretinopathy mouse model.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama 641-0012, Japan.



To determine the effects of Smad7 gene transfer in the prevention of fibrogenic responses by the retinal pigment epithelium, a major cause of proliferative vitreoretinopathy after retinal detachment, in mice.


Retinal detachment-induced proliferative vitreoretinopathy in a mouse model. Forty-eight eyes received either an adenoviral gene transfer of Smad7 or Cre recombinase gene only. The eyes were histologically analyzed. A retinal pigment epithelial cell line, ARPE-19, was used to determine whether Smad7 gene transfection suppresses the fibrogenic response to transforming growth factor (TGF) beta2 exposure.


The Smad7 gene transfer inhibited TGF-beta2/Smad signaling in ARPE-19 cells and expression of collagen type I and TGF-beta1 but had no effect on their basal levels. In vivo Smad7 overexpression resulted in suppression of Smad2/3 signals and of the fibrogenic response to epithelial-mesenchymal transition by the retinal pigment epithelium.


Smad7 gene transfer suppresses fibrogenic responses to TGF-beta2 by retinal pigment epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo. Clinical Relevance Smad7 gene transfer might be a new strategy to prevent and treat proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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