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Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Mar 16;98(11):117201. Epub 2007 Mar 12.

Ultrafast nanomagnetic toggle switching of vortex cores.

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Institut für Festkörperforschung IFF-9 Elektronische Eigenschaften, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany.


We present an ultrafast route for a controlled, toggle switching of magnetic vortex cores with ultrashort unipolar magnetic field pulses. The switching process is found to be largely insensitive to extrinsic parameters, like sample size and shape, and it is faster than any field-driven magnetization reversal process previously known from micromagnetic theory. Micromagnetic simulations demonstrate that the vortex core reversal is mediated by a rapid sequence of vortex-antivortex pair creation and annihilation subprocesses. Specific combinations of field-pulse strength and duration are required to obtain a controlled vortex core reversal. The operational range of this reversal mechanism is summarized in a switching diagram for a 200 nm Permalloy disk.

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