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Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Mar 16;98(11):110601. Epub 2007 Mar 16.

Ground-state fidelity and bipartite entanglement in the Bose-Hubbard model.

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1
Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino, Italy.

Abstract

We analyze the quantum phase transition in the Bose-Hubbard model borrowing two tools from quantum-information theory, i.e., the ground-state fidelity and entanglement measures. We consider systems at unitary filling comprising up to 50 sites and show for the first time that a finite-size scaling analysis of these quantities provides excellent estimates for the quantum critical point. We conclude that fidelity is particularly suited for revealing a quantum phase transition and pinning down the critical point thereof, while the success of entanglement measures depends on the mechanisms governing the transition.

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