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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2007 Mar;75(3 Pt 2):036617. Epub 2007 Mar 29.

Phase fluctuations of linearly chirped solitons in a noisy optical fiber channel with varying dispersion, nonlinearity, and gain.

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Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China.


The phase fluctuations of arbitrarily nonlinearity- and dispersion-managed solitons propagating in a noisy fiber channel are studied both analytically and numerically. We begin by discussing the stability problem of such linearly chirped solitons with a full linear stability analysis. It is shown that these sophisticated solitons possess an enhanced stability against perturbations and therefore hold promise for applications in optical telecommunications. We then make an approach to the phase statistics of these solitons, which stems from an inevitable random walk in phase evolutions due to amplified spontaneous emission noise. By using the variational approach together with impulse-response (Green) functions, an elegant closed-form expression for the phase variance is derived based on an unconstrained self-similar soliton ansatz in which the effect of chirp fluctuations has been critically taken into account as well as the dispersive and nonlinear effects. An inspection of the intriguing subtleties of the interplay among these effects reveals that the chirp fluctuations effect does play an important role in the control of nonlinear phase noise via fiber dispersion, independently of whether the input solitons are initially chirped or not. Our analytical result also offers many possibilities of optimally manipulating nonlinear phase noise with engineered fiber parameters that may lead to the steady pulse propagation, broadening, or compression under favorable parametric conditions. Last, we demonstrate our result by several convincible examples and show an excellent agreement between analytical predictions and numerical simulations.

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