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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2007;39(7-8):1539-50. Epub 2007 Mar 15.

Comparative DNA methylation analysis in normal and tumour tissues and in cancer cell lines using differential methylation hybridisation.

Author information

1
Epigenomics AG, Kleine Präsidentenstrasse 1, 10178 Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

Immortalized human cancer cell lines are widely used as tools and model systems in cancer research but their authenticity with regard to primary tissues remains a matter of debate. We have used differential methylation hybridisation to obtain comparative methylation profiles from normal and tumour tissues of lung and colon, and permanent cancer cell lines originally derived from these tissues. Average methylation differences only larger than 25% between sample groups were considered for the profiles and with this criterion approximately 1000 probesets, around 2% of the sites represented on the array, indicated differential methylation between normal lung and primary lung cancer tissue, and approximately 700 probesets between normal colon and primary colon cancer tissue. Both hyper- and hypomethylation was found to differentiate normal tissue from cancer tissue. The profiles obtained from these tissue comparisons were found to correspond largely to those from the corresponding cancer cell lines, indicating that the cell lines represent the methylation pattern of the primary tissue rather well. Moreover, the cancer specific profiles were found to be very similar for the two tumour types studied. Tissue specific differential methylation between lung and colon tissues, in contrast, was found to be preserved to a larger extent only in the malignant tissue, but was not preserved well in the cancer cell lines studied. Overall, our data therefore provide further evidence that permanent cell lines are good model systems for cancer specific methylation patterns, but deviate with regard to tissue-specific methylation.

PMID:
17499000
DOI:
10.1016/j.biocel.2007.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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