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J Med Chem. 2007 Jun 14;50(12):2753-66. Epub 2007 May 12.

Bifunctional [2',6'-dimethyl-L-tyrosine1]endomorphin-2 analogues substituted at position 3 with alkylated phenylalanine derivatives yield potent mixed mu-agonist/delta-antagonist and dual mu-agonist/delta-agonist opioid ligands.

Author information

1
The Graduate School of Food and Medicinal Sciences and Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kobe Gakuin University, Nishi-ku, Kobe 651-2180, Japan.

Abstract

Endomorphin-2 (H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Phe-NH2) and [Dmt1]EM-2 (Dmt = 2',6'-dimethyl-l-tyrosine) analogues, containing alkylated Phe3 derivatives, 2'-monomethyl (2, 2'), 3',5'- and 2',6'-dimethyl (3, 3', and 4', respectively), 2',4',6'-trimethyl (6, 6'), 2'-ethyl-6'-methyl (7, 7'), and 2'-isopropyl-6'-methyl (8, 8') groups or Dmt (5, 5'), had the following characteristics: (i) [Xaa3]EM-2 analogues exhibited improved mu- and delta-opioid receptor affinities. The latter, however, were inconsequential (Kidelta = 491-3451 nM). (ii) [Dmt1,Xaa3]EM-2 analogues enhanced mu- and delta-opioid receptor affinities (Kimu = 0.069-0.32 nM; Kidelta = 1.83-99.8 nM) without kappa-opioid receptor interaction. (iii) There were elevated mu-bioactivity (IC50 = 0.12-14.4 nM) and abolished delta-agonism (IC50 > 10 muM in 2', 3', 4', 5', 6'), although 4' and 6' demonstrated a potent mixed mu-agonism/delta-antagonism (for 4', IC50mu = 0.12 and pA2 = 8.15; for 6', IC50mu = 0.21 nM and pA2 = 9.05) and 7' was a dual mu-agonist/delta-agonist (IC50mu = 0.17 nM; IC50delta = 0.51 nM).

PMID:
17497839
PMCID:
PMC2669435
DOI:
10.1021/jm061238m
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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