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Can J Microbiol. 2007 Feb;53(2):207-12.

Role of chitinase and beta-1,3-glucanase activities produced by a fluorescent pseudomonad and in vitro inhibition of Phytophthora capsici and Rhizoctonia solani.

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Department of Microbiology, Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur 208024, India.


A study was conducted to investigate the possibility of involvement of chitinase and beta-1,3-glucanase of an antagonistic fluorescent Pseudomonas in growth suppression of phytopathogenic fungi, Phytophthora capsici and Rhizoctonia solani. Fluorescent Pseudomonas isolates GRC(3) and GRC(4) were screened for their antifungal potential against phytopathogenic fungi by using dual culture technique both on solid and liquid media. The percent inhibition was calculated. Various parameters were monitored for optimization of enzyme activities by fluorescent Pseudomonas GRC(3). The involvement of chitinases, beta-1,3-glucanases, and antifungal metabolites of nonenzymatic nature was correlated with the inhibition of P. capsici and R. solani. The results provide evidence for antibiosis as a mechanism for antagonism. The study also confirms that multiple mechanisms are involved in suppressing phytopathogens as evidenced by the involvement of chitinase and beta-1,3-glucanase in inhibition of R. solani but not P. capsici by isolate GRC3.

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