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Biophys J. 2007 Aug 1;93(3):886-94. Epub 2007 May 11.

Mechanical properties of inner-arm dynein-f (dynein I1) studied with in vitro motility assays.

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Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Harima Science Park City, Hyogo 6781297, Japan.


Inner-arm dynein-f of Chlamydomonas flagella is a heterodimeric dynein. We performed conventional in vitro motility assays showing that dynein-f translocates microtubules at the comparatively low velocity of approximately 1.2 microm/s. From the dependence of velocity upon the surface density of dynein-f, we estimate its duty ratio to be 0.6-0.7. The relation between microtubule landing rate and surface density of dynein-f are well fitted by the first-power dependence, as expected for a processive motor. At low dynein densities, progressing microtubules rotate erratically about a fixed point on the surface, at which a single dynein-f molecule is presumably located. We conclude that dynein-f has high processivity. In an axoneme, however, slow and processive dynein-f could impede microtubule sliding driven by other fast dyneins (e.g., dynein-c). To obtain insight into the in vivo roles of dynein-f, we measured the sliding velocity of microtubules driven by a mixture of dyneins -c and -f at various mixing ratios. The velocity is modulated as a function of the ratio of dynein-f in the mixture. This modulation suggests that dynein-f acts as a load in the axoneme, but force pushing dynein-f molecules forward seems to accelerate their dissociation from microtubules.

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