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Kidney Int. 2007 Aug;72(3):348-58. Epub 2007 May 9.

A role of liver fatty acid-binding protein in cisplatin-induced acute renal failure.

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Department of Nephrology and Endocrinology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.


Previous studies from our laboratory showed that increased fatty acid oxidation by the kidney is cytoprotective during cisplatin (CP)-mediated nephrotoxicity. In this study, we determined the effects of CP and fibrates on peroxisome proliferation and the expression of liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) in normal mice, and in mice transgenically overexpressing human L-FABP (h-L-FABP). Labeling of peroxisomes demonstrated reduced peroxisomal staining in the proximal tubule of CP-treated mice compared with control mice. There was increased peroxisomal labeling in the proximal tubules of both control and CP-treated mice when either was treated with fibrate; a known peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha ligand. L-FABP protein expression, not detected in control or CP-treated mice, was significantly increased in the proximal tubules of fibrate-treated mice of either group. In the transgenic mice, CP increased the shedding of h-L-FABP in the urine, which was decreased by fibrate as was the acute renal failure. A cytosolic pattern of h-L-FABP expression was found in the proximal tubules of untreated transgenic mice with a nuclear presence in CP-treated mice. Fibrate pretreatment restored the cytosolic expression pattern in CP-treated mice. Our study shows that fibrate may improve CP-induced acute renal failure due to both peroxisome proliferation and increased L-FABP in the cytosol of the proximal tubule.

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