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Radiology. 2007 Jul;244(1):121-9. Epub 2007 May 10.

Does two-segment image reconstruction at 64-section CT coronary angiography improve image quality and diagnostic accuracy?

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1
Department of Radiology, Medical University of South Carolina, 169 Ashley Ave, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To prospectively evaluate the effect of single- versus two-segment image reconstruction on image quality and diagnostic accuracy at 64-section multidetector computed tomographic (CT) coronary angiography by using conventional coronary angiography as the reference standard.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study design was approved by a human research committee; patients gave informed consent. The study was HIPAA compliant. Forty consecutive patients (22 men, 18 women; mean age, 61 years +/- 8 [standard deviation]) underwent both 64-section multidetector CT coronary angiography and conventional angiography. All data sets were reconstructed by using single- and two-segment image reconstruction algorithms, with resulting temporal resolution of 82.5-165 msec. Two experienced observers independently evaluated image quality and signs of coronary artery disease. A five-level grading scheme was used to grade stenosis (0%, <50%, <70%, <99%, 100%) and image quality (1[unacceptable] to 5[excellent]). Interobserver correlation, Spearman correlation coefficients, and diagnostic accuracy were calculated.

RESULTS:

Six hundred coronary artery segments were visible on conventional angiograms, of which 560 (93.3%) were seen by using single-segment and 561 (93.5%) were seen by using two-segment image reconstruction (P=.35). Mean quality scores were not significantly different (P=.22) for single- (3.1 +/- 0.9) and two-segment (3.2 +/- 0.8) reconstruction. Significantly (P=.03) better image quality was observed for two-segment reconstruction only at heart rates of 80-82 beats per minute, at which temporal resolution was approximately 83 msec. For grading coronary artery stenosis, correlation was 0.64 for single- and 0.66 for two-segment reconstruction (P=.43). Significant stenosis (>50%) was detected on a per-segment basis with 77.1% sensitivity and 98.6% specificity by using single-segment and with 79.2% sensitivity and 99.1% specificity by using two-segment image reconstruction.

CONCLUSION:

At heart rates of more than 65 beats per minute, use of two-segment reconstruction improves image quality at multidetector CT coronary angiography but does not significantly affect overall diagnostic accuracy compared with single-segment reconstruction.

PMID:
17495177
DOI:
10.1148/radiol.2441060004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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