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Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2007 Oct;23(4):853-66. Epub 2007 Mar 24.

Molecular cloning, differential expression and 3D structural analysis of the MHC class-II beta chain from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.).

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, University of Tuscia, Largo dell'Università snc, I-01100, Viterbo, Italy. fbuono@unitus.it

Abstract

The major histocompatibility complex class I and II molecules (MHC-I and MHC-II) play a pivotal role in vertebrate immune response to antigenic peptides. In this paper we report the cloning and sequencing of the MHC class II beta chain from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). The six obtained cDNA sequences (designated as Dila-DAB) code for 250 amino acids, with a predicted 21 amino acid signal peptide and contain a 28bp 5'-UTR and a 478bp 3'-UTR. A multiple alignment of the predicted translation of the Dila-DAB sequences was assembled together with other fish and mammalian sequences and it showed the conservation of most amino acid residues characteristic of the MHC class II beta chain structure. The highest basal Dila-DAB expression was found in gills, followed by gut and thymus, lower mRNA levels were found in spleen, peripheral blood leucocytes (PBL) and liver. Stimulation of head kidney leukocytes with LPS for 4h showed very little difference in the Dila-DAB expression, but after 24h the Dila-DAB level decreased to a large extent and the difference was statistically significant. Stimulation of head kidney leukocytes with different concentrations of rIL-1beta (ranging from 0 to 100ng/ml) resulted in a dose-dependent reduction of the Dila-DAB expression. Moreover, two 3D Dila-DAB*0101 homology models were obtained based on crystallographic mouse MHC-II structures complexed with D10 T-cell antigen receptor or human CD4; features and differences between the models were evaluated and discussed. Taken together these results are of interest as MHC-II structure and function, molecular polymorphism and differential gene expression are in correlation with disease resistance to virus and bacteria in teleost fish.

PMID:
17493833
DOI:
10.1016/j.fsi.2007.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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