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Curr Biol. 2007 Jun 5;17(11):911-21. Epub 2007 May 10.

Genetic modulation of BDNF signaling affects the outcome of axonal competition in vivo.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Activity-dependent competition that operates on branch stability or formation plays a critical role in shaping the pattern and complexity of axonal terminal arbors. In the mammalian central nervous system (CNS), the effect of activity-dependent competition on axon arborization and on the assembly of sensory maps is well established. However, the molecular pathways that modulate axonal-branch stability or formation in competitive environments remain unknown.

RESULTS:

We establish an in vivo axonal-competition paradigm in the mouse olfactory system by employing a genetic strategy that permits suppression of neurosecretory activity in random subsets of olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs). Long-term follow up confirmed that this genetic manipulation triggers competition by revealing a bias toward selective stabilization of active arbors and local degeneration of synaptically silent ones. By using a battery of genetically modified mouse models, we demonstrate that a decrease either in the total levels or the levels of activity-dependent secreted BDNF (due to a val66met substitution), rescues silent arbors from withering. We show that this effect may be mediated, at least in part, by p75(NTR).

CONCLUSIONS:

We establish and experimentally validate a genetic in vivo axonal-competition paradigm in the mammalian CNS. By using this paradigm, we provide evidence for a specific effect of BDNF signaling on terminal-arbor pruning under competition in vivo. Our results have implications for the formation and refinement of the olfactory and other sensory maps, as well as for neuropsychiatric diseases and traits modulated by the BDNF val66met variant.

PMID:
17493809
PMCID:
PMC2175069
DOI:
10.1016/j.cub.2007.04.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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