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Virology. 2007 Sep 1;365(2):464-72. Epub 2007 May 9.

Inhibition of avian leukosis virus replication by vector-based RNA interference.

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Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.


RNA interference (RNAi) has recently emerged as a promising antiviral technique in vertebrates. Although most studies have used exogenous short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to inhibit viral replication, vectors expressing short hairpin RNAs (shRNA-mirs) in the context of a modified endogenous micro-RNA (miRNA) are more efficient and are practical for in vivo delivery. In this study, replication competent retroviral vectors were designed to deliver shRNA-mirs targeting subgroup B avian leukosis virus (ALV), the most effective of which reduced expression of protein targets by as much as 90% in cultured avian cells. Cells expressing shRNA-mirs targeting the tvb receptor sequence or the viral env(B) sequence significantly inhibited ALV(B) replication. This study demonstrates efficient antiviral RNAi in avian cells using shRNA-mirs expressed from pol II promoters, including an inducible promoter, allowing for the regulation of the antiviral effect by doxycycline.

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