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Mass Spectrom Rev. 2007 Sep-Oct;26(5):672-82.

Protein sequence information by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization in-source decay mass spectrometry.

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Laboratoire de Biochimie des Protéines et Protéomique, Université Paris XIII, UMR CNRS 7033, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93 017, Bobigny Cedex, France.


Proteins from biological samples are often identified by mass spectrometry (MS) with the two following "bottom-up" approaches: peptide mass fingerprinting or peptide sequence tag. Nevertheless, these strategies are time-consuming (digestion, liquid chromatography step, desalting step), the N- (or C-) terminal information often lacks and post-translational modifications (PTMs) are hardly observed. The in-source decay (ISD) occurring in a matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) source appears an interesting analytical tool to obtain N-terminal sequence, to identify proteins and to characterize PTMs by a "top-down" strategy. The goal of this review deals with the usefulness of the ISD technique in MALDI source in proteomics fields. In the first part, the ISD principle is explained and in the second part, the use of ISD in proteomic studies is discussed for protein identification and sequence characterization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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