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Vet Pathol. 2007 May;44(3):366-72.

Distribution and activation of T-lymphocyte subsets in tuberculous bovine lymph-node granulomas.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Veterinary Laboratories Agency-Weybridge, Addlestone, KT15 3NB Surrey, England, UK. E.liebana@VLA.defra.gsi.gov.UK

Abstract

The immune response against mycobacterial infections is dependant upon a complex interaction between T lymphocytes and macrophages in the context of the granuloma. For this study, we performed the analysis of 18 stage I or II, and 13 stage III or IV granulomas found in lymph nodes from 8 experimentally and 2 naturally infected cattle. T-cell subpopulations (CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+), WC1(+), CD25(+)) were investigated by immunohistochemistry. In the majority of stage I/II lesions, CD8(+) and CD25(+) cells were predominantly found in the lymphocytic outer region of the granuloma, suggesting a possible role for activated CD8(+) cells in the initial attempt to restrain the granuloma growth. CD4(+) T cells appeared equally distributed in the lymphocytic mantle and in the internal areas of the granulomas. WC1(+) cells appeared interspersed among the macrophages. We speculated that this could indicate a role for these 2 subsets in the maintenance and the maturation of the granuloma. In stage III/IV lesions, all of the T-cell subsets investigated appeared interspersed among the mononuclear component of the granulomas. In general terms, there was a higher density of CD8(+) cells compared with CD4(+) cells. However, there was no sense of rimming effect for any of the investigated cell populations.

PMID:
17491079
DOI:
10.1354/vp.44-3-366
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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