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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2007 Jun;35(2):377-82. Epub 2007 Apr 1.

Interaction of amyloid binding alcohol dehydrogenase/Abeta mediates up-regulation of peroxiredoxin II in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients and a transgenic Alzheimer's disease mouse model.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA.


Alzheimer's patients have increased levels of both the 42 beta amyloid-beta-peptide (Abeta) and amyloid binding alcohol dehydrogenase (ABAD) which is an intracellular binding site for Abeta. The over-expression of Abeta and ABAD in transgenic mice has shown that the binding of Abeta to ABAD results in exaggerating neuronal stress and impairment of learning and memory. From a proteomic analysis of the brains from these animals we identified that peroxiredoxin II levels increase in Alzheimer's diseased brain. This increase in peroxiredoxin II levels protects neurons against Abeta induced toxicity. We also demonstrate, for the first time in living animals, that the expression level of peroxiredoxin II is an indicator for the interaction of ABAD and Abeta as its expression levels return to normal if this interaction is perturbed. Therefore this indicates the possibility of reversing changes observed in Alzheimer's disease and that the Abeta-ABAD interaction is a suitable drug target.

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