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J Pak Med Assoc. 2007 Apr;57(4):172-5.

Role of 99mTc-MIBI scintimammography and X-ray mammography in the diagnosis of locoregional recurrence of breast cancer.

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1
Nuclear Medicine Department, Karachi Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine, Karachi.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the utility of Tc- MIBI scintimammography in the loco-regional recurrence of breast cancer and its comparison with mammography.

METHODS:

The study population comprised of 33 subjects (mean age, 44.9 +/- 14.1 years); evaluated for suspected loco-regional recurrence of breast cancer on clinical examination. All subjects received a 740-1000 MBq bolus IV injection of 99mTc-MIBI preferably in pedal vein. At 5-10 min and 60-90 min post injection planar images were obtained in prone lateral and supine anterior position using double head gamma camera. MIBI uptake was scored as follows: 1: as normal uptake (compared with contralateral side); 2: focal low intense uptake (equivocal); 3: focal high intense uptake (positive). Mammography was performed by two standard views of cranio-caudal and mediolateral oblique in 26 patients. All patients had either excision biopsy or fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) for tissue diagnosis.

RESULTS:

Out of 33 patients, 21 had confirmed as recurrence on hiostopathology/cytology. Scintimammography was found true positive in 18 and true negative in 11 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 85.7%, 91.7%, 94.7%, 78.6% and 87.8% respectively. In comparison, mammography was true positive in 9 and true negative in 6 patients with sensitivity of 52.9%, specificity, 66.7%, PPV 75%, NPV 42.9% and accuracy 57.7%.

CONCLUSION:

Scintimammography has better diagnostic accuracy than mammography in the detection of loco-regional recurrence of breast cancer.

PMID:
17489522
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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