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FEBS J. 2007 Mar;274(6):1362-73.

Nucleoplasmic lamins and their interaction partners, LAP2alpha, Rb, and BAF, in transcriptional regulation.

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1
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Medical University of Vienna, Dr. Bohrgasse 9/3, A-1030 Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Lamins are major structural components of the nuclear envelope in multicellular eukaryotes. Particularly A-type lamins are also located in the nucleoplasm, likely involving a specific binding partner, lamina-associated polypeptide 2alpha (LAP2alpha). LAP2alpha-lamins A/C complexes in the nucleoplasm have been implicated in the regulation of gene expression by various means. They bind chromatin proteins and chromatin modifying enzymes, and can thus participate in epigenetic control pathways. Furthermore, binding of lamins A/C complexes to specific transcription factors and repressors may directly affect their transcriptional activity. LAP2alpha-lamins A/C also regulate retinoblastoma protein and influence cell cycle progression and differentiation, which could have important implications for molecular mechanisms of laminopathic diseases, linked to lamins A/C mutations.

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