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Inorg Chem. 2007 Jun 11;46(12):4951-9. Epub 2007 May 8.

External magnetic field-induced mesoscopic organization of Fe3O4 pyramids and carbon sheets.

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Department of Chemistry and Kanbar Laboratory for Nanomaterials at the Bar-Ilan University Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel.


The current investigation is centered on the thermal decomposition of iron(II) acetyl acetonate, Fe(C5H7O2)2, in a closed cell at 700 degrees C, which is conducted under a magnetic field (MF) of 10 T. The product is compared with a similar reaction that was carried out without a MF. This article shows how the reaction without a MF produces spherical Fe3O4 particles coated with carbon. The same reaction in the presence of a 10 T MF causes the rejection of the carbon from the surface of pyramid-shaped Fe3O4 particles, increases the Fe3O4 particle diameter, forms separate carbon particles, and leads to the formation of an anisotropic (long cigarlike) orientation of Fe3O4 pyramids and C sheets. The macroscopic orientation of Fe3O4 pyramids+C sheets is stable even after the removal of an external MF. The suggested process can be used to fabricate large arrays of uniform wires comprised of some magnetic nanoparticles, and to improve the magnetic properties of nanoscale magnetic materials. The probable mechanism is developed for the growth and assembly behavior of magnetic Fe3O4 pyramids+C sheets under an external MF. The effect of an applied MF to synthesize morphologically different, but structurally the same, products with mesoscopic organization is the key theme of the present paper.

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