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Int J Mol Med. 2007 Jun;19(6):941-6.

Interleukin-31 stimulates production of inflammatory mediators from human colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu 520-2192, Japan.


Interleukin (IL)-31 is mainly produced by CD4+ T cells, in particular T cells skewed toward a Th2 phenotype. Here we report for the first time that IL-31 stimulates secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) from human colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts (SEMFs). The effects of IL-31 were investigated by cDNA microarrays, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and real-time PCR. IL-31 effectively induced chemokines [IL-8, GRO-alpha (growth-related oncogene-alpha), MCP-3 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-3), CXCL3, CCL13 and CCL15], proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-16 and IL-32) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-25 and MMP-7). IL-31 dose-dependently induced secretion of IL-6, IL-8, GRO-alpha, MCP-3, MMP-1 and MMP-3. The effects of IL-31 were comparable to the effects of IL-17A. IL-31 and IL-17A showed additive effects on IL-6, IL-8, GRO-alpha, MCP-3, MMP-1 and MMP-3 secretion. In conclusion, we demonstrated that IL-31 is a potent inducer of proinflammatory mediators in human colonic SEMFs. IL-31 may function as a proinflammatory cytokine derived from Th2 cells.

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