Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Protoc. 2006;1(4):1929-35.

Highly selective enrichment of phosphorylated peptides using titanium dioxide.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense, Denmark.

Abstract

The characterization of phosphorylated proteins is a challenging analytical task since many of the proteins targeted for phosphorylation are low in abundance and phosphorylation is typically substoichiometric. Highly efficient enrichment procedures are therefore required. Here we describe a protocol for selective phosphopeptide enrichment using titanium dioxide (TiO2) chromatography. The selectivity toward phosphopeptides is obtained by loading the sample in a 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB) or phthalic acid solution containing acetonitrile and trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) onto a TiO2 micro-column. Although phosphopeptide enrichment can be achieved by using TFA and acetonitrile alone, the selectivity is dramatically enhanced by adding DHB or phthalic acid since these compounds, in conjunction with the low pH caused by TFA, prevent binding of nonphosphorylated peptides to TiO2. Using an alkaline solution (pH > or = 10.5) both monophosphorylated and multiphosphorylated peptides are eluted from the TiO2 beads. This highly efficient method for purification of phosphopeptides is well suited for the characterization of phosphoproteins from both in vitro and in vivo studies in combination with mass spectrometry (MS). It is a very easy and fast method. The entire protocol requires less than 15 min per sample if the buffers have been prepared in advance (not including lyophilization).

PMID:
17487178
DOI:
10.1038/nprot.2006.185
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center