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Gene. 1991 Nov 15;107(2):247-58.

Cloning and characterization of the promoter of the murine lipoprotein lipase-encoding gene: structural and functional analysis.

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Immunobiology and Cancer Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City 73104.


The enzyme lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is responsible for the hydrolysis of triglycerides into free fatty acids and glycerol. Its synthesis is induced as the murine bone marrow stromal cell clone, BMS2, undergoes adipocyte differentiation. The murine genomic LPL promoter has been cloned, sequenced, and characterized by functional and structural assays. The transcriptional start points have been mapped by S1 nuclease and primer extension techniques. Comparison of the 1.7-kb of LPL 5'-flanking sequence between mouse and man reveals 65% identity or greater with conservation of many potential protein-recognition motifs. Using constructs linking this region to the luciferase-encoding reporter gene, transient transfection experiments have documented the promoter function of this sequence in a number of cell lines. Based on a battery of restriction endonucleases, at least 260 bp immediately adjacent to and including the 5'-untranslated region of the first exon are hypersensitive to exogenous nuclease digestion, consistent with an altered chromatin structure. Protein-DNA interactions are detected within this area at the octamer binding protein 1 site and immediately 5' to the translation initiation site based on ExoIII footprinting and gel retention assays.

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