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Spine J. 2007 May-Jun;7(3):308-17. Epub 2006 Sep 29.

Efficacy of silicated calcium phosphate graft in posterolateral lumbar fusion in sheep.

Author information

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Orthopaedic Bioengineering Research Laboratory, Colorado State University, A101 Engineering Building, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1374, USA. BiosolutionsConsulting@comcast.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND CONTEXT:

Conditions requiring posterior lumbar spinal fusion remain a clinical challenge. Achieving arthrodesis using autogenous bone graft is inconsistent when rigid internal fixation such as transpedicular instrumentation is applied. Synthetic materials, particularly calcium phosphate-based ceramics, have shown promise for spine fusion applications, especially when combined with autograft. Silicate substitution has been shown to enhance the bioactivity of calcium phosphates and may obviate the need for autologous supplementation.

PURPOSE:

Determine efficacy of silicated calcium phosphate (Si-CaP) compared with autograft to generate solid lumbar fusion.

STUDY DESIGN:

Comparison of healing of instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion in ewes at 2 and 6 months using Si-CaP or iliac crest autograft.

METHODS:

Eighteen skeletally mature ewes underwent implantation of either autograft or Si-CaP in the space spanning the L4-L5 transverse process. In vivo quantitative computed tomography (CT) scans were made at 2-month intervals and after euthanasia. Harvested spine segments were radiographed and biomechanically tested in bending at 6 months. Histological assessments were made at 2 and 6 months.

RESULTS:

Animals receiving Si-CaP graft were biomechanically and radiographically equivalent to those receiving autograft. Fusion mass density and volume were higher for the Si-CaP group throughout the healing period. Si-CaP regenerated normal bone tissue morphology, cellularity, and maturation with no inflammatory responses despite the fact that no autograft, bone marrow aspirate, or blood was mixed with the material. Histomorphometrically, fusion mass was higher for Si-CaP and bony bridging was equivalent when compared with autograft treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Si-CaP was biomechanically, radiographically, and histologically equivalent to autograft in generating a solid, bony, intertransverse process fusion in an ovine model. Both treatment groups achieved 100% bridging fusion after 6 months of healing.

PMID:
17482114
DOI:
10.1016/j.spinee.2006.01.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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