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Plasma noncholesterol sterols in male distance runners and sedentary men.

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Department of Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand.


Plasma lathosterol concentration is taken to be an index of the rate of cholesterol synthesis and plasma concentrations of plant sterols just as campesterol and betasitosterol are taken to be indeces of cholesterol absorption efficiency. These noncholesterol sterols were measured in plasma from 14 male distance runners and 10 sedentary men. Plasma lathosterol concentration was 30% lower (P less than 0.02) and plasma betasitosterol concentration was 33% higher (P less than 0.02) in the runners compared to the sedentary men. Plasma concentrations of lathosterol and plant sterols were inversely and significantly (P less than 0.05) correlated in both the runners and the sedentary men. Plasma plant sterol concentrations were correlated positively and significantly (P less than 0.01) with plasma high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations in the runners and sedentary men combined. These findings suggest that more efficient cholesterol absorption may lead to higher plasma plant sterol concentrations and may contribute to lower cholesterol synthesis rates, reduced concentrations of plasma lathosterol and higher plasma HDL-C concentration in distance runners.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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