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Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2007;28(2):103-8.

Tumour M2-PK as a predictor of surgical outcome in ovarian cancer, a prospective cohort study.

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South East London Cancer Network, Gynae-Oncology Department, Guy's and St Thomas', and King's College Hospitals, London.



Optimal cytoreduction is a major prognostic factor in ovarian cancer; several clinical, radiological and biochemical predictors have been studied. Tumour M2-PK (TU M2-PK) is over-expressed in tumour cells and can be detected in plasma samples but its role in ovarian cancer has not yet been evaluated.


To assess the potential clinical applications of TU M2-PK in ovarian cancer particularly in relation to surgical cytoreduction.


The Gynaecological Cancer Centre at both King's College and St Thomas' Hospitals; London; UK.


Patients with suspected ovarian cancer were recruited prospectively during the years 2004-2005. Blood samples were collected before surgery for plasma TU M2-PK assays. Data were analysed in relation to cancer diagnosis and outcome. Statistical analysis was performed using Analyse-It' and SPSS' V13.


100 patients were recruited; 52 diagnosed with invasive ovarian cancer, 13 with borderline tumours and 35 patients had benign conditions. The mean M2-PK concentration in cancer patients was 52 U/ml vs 31 U/ml in patients with borderline tumours and 22 U/ml in those with benign conditions (p < 0.001); it was significantly raised in association with late stage disease and higher grade (p < 0.05). Taking 35 U/ml as a reference point, TU M2-PK predicted sub-optimal cytoreduction in advanced stage disease with a sensitivity of 69%, specificity of 60% and overall efficacy of 61% (95% CI: 44-75%).


TU M2-PK was significantly raised in ovarian cancer patients, particularly those with higher stage disease. The potential clinical application as a predictor of surgical outcome in ovarian cancer needs further evaluation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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