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Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2007 Jan-Mar;32(1):39-44.

Interaction of alcoholic extracts of hops with cocaine and paracetamol in mice.

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  • 1Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia.


This work describes a study of the interaction in the mouse model of alcoholic extracts of hops of Magnum, Aroma and wild genotypes with drugs that have excitatory effect on the cerebral cortex (cocaine) and analgesic action (paracetamol). Hop drying and preparation of the extracts were carried out according to standard pharmacological procedures for preparing total alcoholic extracts of dry herbs, consisting of one part of dry drug and two parts of 70% alcohol. The mice received four doses i.p. of 0.5% aqueous solutions of the above-mentioned extracts (10 ml/kg) 24, 16, 4 and 0.5 h prior to receiving cocaine (25 mg/kg) or paracetamol (80 mg/kg). The parameter investigated was the change in spontaneous motility of mice after combined treatment with the extracts and cocaine/paracetamol compared to control animals that received the same dose of the drug after treatment with physiological solution. Only the ethanolic extract of Magnum hops increased the spontaneous motility of mice, while none of the extracts showed analgesic action as measured by the hot-plate method. In the interaction with cocaine, the extract of Magnum hops suppressed almost completely the action of cocaine compared to controls. Extracts of the other hops also decreased the cocaine-induced locomotor activity of mice, but to a lesser extent. Hop extracts exhibited a significant pharmacological interaction with paracetamol, with the most pronounced increase in analgesic action being found for the ethanolic extract of Aroma hops and the tert-butanolic extract of wild hops.

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