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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2007 Dec;56(12):1875-83. Epub 2007 May 4.

Gene-modified T cells for adoptive immunotherapy of renal cell cancer maintain transgene-specific immune functions in vivo.

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Laboratory for Clinical and Tumor Immunology, Department of Medical Oncology, Erasmus MC, Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, PO Box 5201, 3008 AE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



We have treated three patients with carboxy-anhydrase-IX (CAIX) positive metastatic renal cell cancer (RCC) by adoptive transfer of autologous T-cells that had been gene-transduced to express a single-chain antibody-G250 chimeric receptor [scFv(G250)], and encountered liver toxicity necessitating adaptation of the treatment protocol. Here, we investigate whether or not the in vivo activity of the infused scFv(G250)(+) T cells is reflected by changes of selected immune parameters measured in peripheral blood.


ScFv(G250)-chimeric receptor-mediated functions of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from three patients during and after treatment were compared to the same functions of scFv(G250)(+) T lymphocytes prior to infusion, and were correlated with plasma cytokine levels.


Prior to infusion, scFv(G250)(+) T lymphocytes showed in vitro high levels of scFv(G250)-chimeric receptor-mediated functions such as killing of CAIX(+) RCC cell lines and cytokine production upon exposure to these cells. High levels of IFN-gamma were produced, whilst production of TNF-alpha, interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5 and IL-10 was variable and to lower levels, and that of IL-2 virtually absent. PBMC taken from patients during therapy showed lower levels of in vitro scFv(G250)-receptor-mediated functions as compared to pre-infusion, whilst IFN-gamma was the only detectable cytokine upon in vitro PBMC exposure to CAIX. During treatment, plasma levels of IFN-gamma increased only in the patient with the most prominent liver toxicity. IL-5 plasma levels increased transiently during treatment in all patients, which may have been triggered by the co-administration of IL-2.


ScFv(G250)-receptor-mediated functions of the scFv(G250)(+) T lymphocytes are, by and large, preserved in vivo upon administration, and may be reflected by fluctuations in plasma IFN-gamma levels.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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