Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eye (Lond). 2008 Sep;22(9):1105-9. Epub 2007 May 4.

Prevalence of glaucoma in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea--a cross-sectional case-series.

Author information

1
Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL, USA. Bendel.Rick@mayo.edu

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the prevalence of glaucoma in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional case series.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea.

TESTING:

Within 48 h of the polysomnographic diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnoea, patients underwent the following tests: intraocular pressure, gonioscopy, automated perimetry, stereoscopic biomicroscopy, and fundascopic assessment for the presence of glaucomatous optic nerve changes.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The prevalence of glaucoma in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and the associations between patient characteristics and both glaucoma and intraocular pressure.

RESULTS:

Glaucoma was diagnosed in 27 of 100 patients yielding an estimated prevalence of 27% (95% CI 19-37%). The presence of glaucoma did not correlate with sex, body mass index (BMI), or AHI, but did appear to be associated with age (P=0.014). There was no evidence of a relationship between intraocular pressure and either the apnoea plus hypopnoea index or age.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of glaucoma in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea is an estimated 27%. Sex, age, body mass index or apnoea plus hypopnoea index are not factors influencing the presence of glaucoma in this population of patients.

PMID:
17479120
DOI:
10.1038/sj.eye.6702846
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center