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Eur Urol. 2007 Dec;52(6):1768-74. Epub 2007 Apr 25.

Antioxidant treatment associated with sildenafil reduces monocyte activation and markers of endothelial damage in patients with diabetic erectile dysfunction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

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Department of Clinical Sciences, "Sapienza" University, Rome, Italy.



To investigate the synergic effect of propionyl L-carnitine (PLC) plus sildenafil in reducing monocyte oxidative activity and endothelial dysfunction markers in diabetic patients with erectile dysfunction (ED).


Thirty-two type 2 diabetic patients with ED (according to the International Index of Erectile Function-5 [IIEF-5]) were randomized to receive PLC (2 g/d) alone (n=8) or combined with sildenafil (50 mg/d twice weekly) (n=8), sildenafil alone (50 mg/d twice weekly) (n=8), or placebo (n=8) in a double-blind, fixed-dose study. Monocyte oxidative activity (stimulation index [SI]), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1], P-selectin, advanced glycation end product (AGE) levels, Doppler sonography (recording peak systolic velocity [PSV]; end diastolic velocity [EDV]; systolic wave time [SWT]; resistive index [RI]), and IIEF score were evaluated before and after 12 wk of treatment; IIEF-5 was evaluated again 4 wk posttreatment.


SI was reduced by treatment with PLC alone or combined with sildenafil (p<0.05). In patients treated with PLC plus sildenafil, a decrease in ICAM-1, P-selectin, and EDV values was observed compared with patients treated with sildenafil alone (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001, respectively). IIEF-5 improved in all patients treated with PLC plus sildenafil or sildenafil alone (p<0.03, p<0.05, respectively). Four weeks posttreatment, patients treated with PLC plus sildenafil maintained the improvement of the IIEF-5 compared with patients on sildenafil alone (p=0.05). In patients on PLC treatment (with or without sildenafil), SI was correlated with IIEF-5 (p<0.001), glycemia with STW (p<0.03), and AGEs with IIEF-5 (p<0.01).


PLC plus sildenafil was more effective in reducing SI and endothelial dysfunction markers in patients with type 2 diabetes and ED.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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