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Colorectal Dis. 2007 Nov;9(9):819-24. Epub 2007 Mar 7.

Laparoscopic colectomy is cheaper than conventional open resection.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Adelaide and Meath Hospital incorporating the National Children's Hospital (AMNCH), Dublin, Ireland. p.ridgway@ic.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

International randomized trials have endorsed the routine use of laparoscopic techniques in colorectal surgery. The authors hypothesize that the overall care pathway in minimal access resection was cheaper than conventional open resection.

METHOD:

This was a case-matched study of consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic resection between July 2005 and February 2006. Intraoperative (costs, duration, incision length) and postoperative [morbidity, length of stay (LOS), readmission] parameters were examined. Institutional retrospective open controls and national validated figures were used for costings.

RESULTS:

Thirty-five laparoscopic and 53 open resections were evaluated. Median LOS was 5 days in the laparoscopic group vs 12 in the open group (P = 0.001). There were two conversions (5.7%) and two readmissions. Mean operative cost of laparoscopic resection was 1557.08 euros, therefore 2.4 bed days need to be saved to recoup the increased cost compared with open resection. The actual median save is 7 days (P = 0.031). A mean of 4591.38 euros and 7 bed days per case is saved by performing the resection laparoscopically. Subgroup analysis of laparoscopic resections clearly demonstrates similar trends.

CONCLUSION:

The institutional saving is over 150,000 euros and 245 bed days during the study period. Despite higher operative spending, laparoscopic colorectal resections are significantly cheaper than conventional open resections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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