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Lab Chip. 2007 May;7(5):641-3. Epub 2007 Apr 5.

Rapid fabrication of microchannels using microscale plasma activated templating (microPLAT) generated water molds.

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Microscale Life Sciences Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.


Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) is a common material used in fabricating microfluidic devices. The predominant PDMS fabrication method, soft lithography, relies on photolithography for fabrication of micropatterned molds. In this technical note, we report an alternative molding technique using microscale PLasma Activated Templating (microPLAT). The use of photoresist in soft lithography is replaced by patterned water droplets created using microPLAT. When liquid PDMS encapsulates patterned water and then solidifies, the cavities occupied by water become structures such as microchannels. Using this method, device fabrication is less time consuming, more cost efficient and flexible, and ideal for rapid prototyping. An additional important feature of the water-molding process is that it yields structural profiles that are difficult to achieve using photolithography.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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