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Lab Chip. 2007 May;7(5):550-6. Epub 2007 Mar 21.

A 96-well microplate incorporating a replica molded microfluidic network integrated with photonic crystal biosensors for high throughput kinetic biomolecular interaction analysis.

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  • 1Nano Sensors Group, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Micro and Nanotechnology Laboratory 208 N. Wright St. Urbana, IL 61801, USA.


A nanoreplica molding process has been used to produce polymer microfluidic channels, with integrated label-free photonic crystal biosensors as the bottom surface of the channels. Multiple flow channels are gathered in parallel so that an imaging detection instrument may simultaneously monitor the binding kinetics of many biomolecular interactions. In this work, the flow channel pattern has been adapted to a 96-well microplate format in which, for each 12-element row of the microplate, a single well serves as a common access port for 11 flow channels that are connected to separate microplate wells. Application of pneumatic pressure or suction to the common well serves to drive forward or backward flow to the channels. The system is demonstrated by measuring the kinetic binding interaction of protein A with IgG molecules of high, medium, and low affinity. The approach offers a means for minimizing the volume of reagent required to functionalize the biosensor surface, while retaining compatibility with the microplate assay fluid-handling methods that are most commonly used in biological research.

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