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Exp Cell Res. 2007 Jul 1;313(11):2465-75. Epub 2007 Mar 24.

Role of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5' kinase (ppk-1) in ovulation of Caenorhabditis elegans.

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Department of Biology, Baylor University, One Bear Place 97388, Waco, TX 76798, USA.


During Caenorhabditis elegans ovulation, the somatic gonad integrates signals from germ cells and propels a mature oocyte into the spermatheca for fertilization. Previous work suggests that phosphoinositide signaling plays important roles in C. elegans fertility. To fully understand inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) signaling in ovulation, we have examined the function of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5' kinase (PIP5K) in C. elegans. Our results show that the C. elegans PIP5K homolog, ppk-1, is essential for ovulation in C. elegans; ppk-1 is mainly expressed in somatic gonad, and depletion of ppk-1 expression causes defective ovulation, reduced gonad sheath contractility, and sterility. Increased IP(3) signaling compensates for ppk-1 (RNAi)-induced sterility, suggesting that ppk-1 is linked to IP(3) signaling. These results demonstrate that ppk-1 plays an essential role in IP(3) signaling and cytoskeleton organization in somatic gonad.

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