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Biochemistry. 1991 Dec 10;30(49):11536-45.

Interaction of microtubule-associated proteins with microtubules: yeast lysyl- and valyl-tRNA synthetases and tau 218-235 synthetic peptide as model systems.

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Laboratoire d'Enzymologie, CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.


The respective contributions of electrostatic interaction and specific sequence recognition in the binding of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) to microtubules have been studied, using as models yeast valyl- and lysyl-tRNA synthetases (VRS, KRS) that carry an exposed basic N-terminal domain, and a synthetic peptide reproducing the sequence 218-235 on tau protein, known to be part of the microtubule-binding site of MAPs. VRS and KRS bind to microtubules with a KD in the 10(-6) M range, and tau 218-235 binds with a KD in the 10(-4) M range. Binding of KRS and tau 218-235 is accompanied by stabilization and bundling of microtubules, without the intervention of an extraneous bundling protein. tau 218-235 binds to microtubules with a stoichiometry of 2 mol/mol of assembled tubulin dimer in agreement with the proposed binding sequences alpha[430-441] and beta[422-434]. Binding stoichiometries of 2/alpha beta S tubulin and 1/alpha S beta S tubulin were observed following partial or complete removal of the tubulin C-terminal regions by subtilisin, which localizes the site of subtilisin cleavage upstream residue alpha-441 and downstream residue beta-434. Quantitative measurements show that binding of MAPs, KRS, VRS, and tau 218-235 is weakened but not abolished following subtilisin digestion of the C-terminus of tubulin, indicating that the binding site of MAPs is not restricted to the extreme C-terminus of tubulin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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