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Clin Sci (Lond). 2007 Sep;113(5):251-8.

The alpha-adducin Gly460Trp polymorphism and the antihypertensive effects of exercise among men with high blood pressure.

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1
Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA. Linda.Pescatello@uconn.edu

Abstract

The alpha-adducin Gly460Trp polymorphism alters renal sodium transport and is associated with hypertension. Despite the immediate sodium- and volume-depleting effects of aerobic exercise, the influence of the alpha-adducin Gly460Trp polymorphism on PEH (postexercise hypotension) has not been studied. In the present study we examined the effects of the alpha-adducin Gly460Trp polymorphism on PEH among 48 men (42.6+/-1.6 years; mean+/-S.E.M.) with high BP (blood pressure; 144.0+/-1.7/84.7+/-1.1 mmHg). Subjects completed three experiments: non-exercise control and two cycle exercise sessions at 40% (light exercise) and 60% (moderate exercise) of maximal oxygen consumption. Subjects left the laboratory wearing an ambulatory BP monitor. PCR and restriction enzyme digestion determined the genotypes. No subjects had the Trp460Trp genotype due to the low frequency of 5% in the population. Repeated measure ANCOVA tested whether BP differed over time between experimental conditions and genotypes (Gly460Gly, n=36; Gly460Trp, n=12). Among Gly460Gly genotypes, SBP (systolic BP) was reduced by 5.2+/-1.4 mmHg after moderate exercise compared with non-exercise controls over 9 h (P<0.01). Among Gly460Trp genotypes, SBP was lowered by 7.8+/-2.3 mmHg; after light exercise compared with non-exercise controls over 9 h (P<0.05). The SBP reductions after light exercise (0.6+/-1.3 compared with 7.8+/-2.3 mmHg; P<0.05) but not moderate exercise (5.2+/-1.4 compared with 3.8+/-2.4 mmHg; P> or =0.05) differed between the Gly460Gly and Gly460Trp genotypes respectively. Men with Gly460Gly had a reduced SBP after moderate exercise, whereas men with Gly460Trp had a reduced SBP after light exercise. However, only the SBP reductions after light exercise differed between genotypes. Our findings indicate that the alpha-adducin Gly460Trp genotype may be useful in identifying men who have a reduced BP after lower intensity aerobic exercise.

PMID:
17472579
DOI:
10.1042/CS20060345
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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