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J Agric Food Chem. 2007 May 30;55(11):4395-406. Epub 2007 May 2.

Characterization of phenolic compounds in strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) fruits by different HPLC detectors and contribution of individual compounds to total antioxidant capacity.

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  • 1Matforsk AS, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Osloveien 1, N-1430 Aas, Norway.


Phenolic compounds in strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) fruits were identified and characterized by using the complementary information from different high-performance liquid chromatography detectors: diode array, mass spectrometer in positive and negative mode, and coulometric array. Electrochemical profiles obtained from the coulometric array detector contributed to the structural elucidation suggested from the UV-vis and mass spectra. About 40 phenolic compounds including glycosides of quercetin, kaempferol, cyanidin, pelargonidin, and ellagic acid, together with flavanols, derivatives of p-coumaric acid, and ellagitannins, were described, providing a more complete identification of phenolic compounds in strawberry fruits. Quercetin-3-malonylhexoside and a deoxyhexoside of ellagic acid were reported for the first time. Antioxidative properties of individual components in strawberries were estimated by their electrochemical responses. Ascorbic acid was the single most important contributor to electrochemical response in strawberries (24%), whereas the ellagitannins and the anthocyanins were the groups of polyphenols with the highest contributions, 19 and 13% at 400 mV, respectively.

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