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Przegl Lek. 2006;63 Suppl 1:24-8.

[Assessment of chosen cognitive functions in children and adolescents with primary headaches].

[Article in Polish]

Author information

  • 1Katedra Profilaktyki Zdrowotnej AM, Pracownia Elektrodiagnostyki Medycznej, 60-355 PoznaƄ, ul. Przybyszewskiego 49.



Foundations and aim of the study: Right development of cognitive functions is one of the basal factors, which determines good realization of the developmental tasks, for example achievement in education. Primary headaches especially migraine can be one of the important factor disturbing cognitive functioning of children and adolescents. The aim of the study was to estimate the level of some chosen aspects of cognitive and intellectual functioning of children and adolescents with primary headaches: migraine and tension type (TTH).


90 patients with migraine and 35 with TTH were diagnosed according to the classification of the International Headache Society (IHS 2004). Both groups matched each other according to distribution and averages in sex, age, age of the disease occurrence and time of its duration. The methods used in the study were Raven Test (intelligence), Benton Visual Retention Test form C and D, method A (short term memory for visual modality), Ten Words Test as a shortened version of RAVLT (abilities of learning processes and memory), Loretta Bender Gestalt Test and Bender-Koppitz Test (visuomotor integration and visual perception).


The significant difference in the level of intelligence was stated between the examined groups. Children with migraine, especially without aura, in comparison to peers with TTH reached better results in Raven Test. The analysis of the results of the Benton Test in the number of correct and incorrect reproduced tables shows that children with migraine have poorer results. The percentage of correct answers in area of the level of visuomotor intergration was lower in the group with migraine (64%) than in the group with TTH (76%). Patients with migraine mainly with aura (41%) got lower results in Ten Word Test, which estimates the sum of gained results in five trials, and a percentage of correct answers in comparison to the group with TTH (60%).


Patients with migraine in comparison to children with TTH show important disturbances in ability of short-term visual memory and visuomotor integration. Diagnosed selected cognitive dysfunctions in children with primary headaches can disturb accomplishment of tasks connected with education but they do not have any important influence on general intellectual functioning.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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