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J Cell Biochem. 2007 Nov 1;102(4):1051-8.

Transcriptional regulation of aquaporin 3 by insulin.

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Department of Pharmaceutics, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, 5-6-1 Mitahorahigashi, Gifu 502-8585, Japan.


In the current study, we identified a regulatory factor for the transcription of aquaporin 3 (AQP3) whose expression is repressed by insulin. We constructed a luciferase reporter vector containing bp -1382 to -12 of the 5'-flanking region of the AQP3 gene for a reporter gene assay and observed that luciferase activity in transfectants with the plasmid decreased on treatment with insulin. Serial deletion constructs revealed two regions responsible for the insulin-mediated repression, one between bps -1382 and -780, and the other between bps -404 and -82. mRNA expression of forkhead box a2 (Foxa2), the binding site of which was located between bps -1382 and -780, was found to decrease on treatment with insulin. A mutant reporter plasmid with an altered Foxa2-binding site and siRNA for the Foxa2 sequence counteracted the insulin-mediated repression of AQP3 transcription. These results suggest that Foxa2 is one of the transcriptional regulators for AQP3 gene expression regulated by insulin.

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