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FASEB J. 2007 Sep;21(11):2695-703. Epub 2007 Apr 30.

12-Lipoxygenase-derived eicosanoids protect against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury via activation of neuronal TRPV1.

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William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and The London Medical School, Queen Mary University of London, Charterhouse Square, London, UK.


Recent evidence implicates the neuronal transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1), expressed on sensory C-fibers, as playing an important endogenous protective role in limiting the damaging effects of myocardial I/R injury. In neurons the 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) arachidonic acid (AA) metabolite, 12(S)-HpETE, has been proposed as the endogenous ligand for TRPV1. However, whether 12(S)-HpETE underlies TRPV1 channel activation during I/R is unknown. Treatment of isolated Langendorff rat hearts with a 12-LOX/AA cocktail significantly attenuated I/R injury (approximately 40% inhibition of infarct size), an effect reversed by the 12-LOX inhibitor baicalein or after chemical desensitization of local sensory C-fiber afferents using capsaicin. Both 12(S)-HpETE and AA caused dose-dependent coronary vasodilatation (approximately EC50s of 6x10(-19) and 1x10(-7), respectively) that was profoundly suppressed by the TRPV1 antagonist capsazepine, in hearts of TRPV1 knockout mice compared with wild-type mice, or by treatment with a CGRP antagonist. In addition, I/R itself stimulates up-regulation of TRPV1 expression in both the cell bodies located within the dorsal root ganglia and locally within the myocardium. Together, our data identify a novel 12-LOX/AA/TRPV1 pathway activated and up-regulated during I/R injury, providing an endogenous damage-limiting mechanism whose targeting may prove useful in treating myocardial infarction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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