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Clin Biochem. 2007 Jun;40(9-10):575-84. Epub 2007 Mar 31.

Mevalonate pathway: a review of clinical and therapeutical implications.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Vincent Hospital, Worcester Medical Center, Worcester, MA, USA. irina.buhaescu@stvincenthospital.com

Abstract

Mevalonate pathway is an important metabolic pathway which plays a key role in multiple cellular processes by synthesizing sterol isoprenoids, such as cholesterol, and non-sterol isoprenoids, such as dolichol, heme-A, isopentenyl tRNA and ubiquinone. While extensively studied in regard with cholesterol synthesis and its implications in cardiovascular diseases, in recent years the mevalonate pathway has become a challenging and, in the meantime, fascinating topic, when a large number of experimental and clinical studies suggested that inhibition of non-sterol isoprenoids might have valuable interest in human pathology. These molecules that are essential for cell growth and differentiation appear to be potential interesting therapeutic targets for many areas of ongoing research: oncology, autoimmune disorders, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer disease. Also, considerable progress has been made in the past decade in understanding the pathophysiology of two auto-inflammatory disorders resulting from an inherited deficiency of mevalonate kinase, the first committed enzyme of the mevalonate pathway. Here we present a brief description of the biochemistry of the mevalonate pathway, together with a review of the current knowledge of the clinical and therapeutical implications of this fascinating and complex metabolic pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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