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Int Immunopharmacol. 2007 Jun;7(6):791-804. Epub 2007 Feb 22.

D-pinitol inhibits Th1 polarization via the suppression of dendritic cells.

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Department of Pharmacy, Pusan National University College of Pharmacy, Busan, South Korea.


d-pinitol has been demonstrated to exert insulin-like and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the effects of the maturation and immunostimulatory functions of dendritic cells (DC) remain to be clearly elucidated. In this study, we have attempted to determine whether d-pinitol regulates surface molecule expression, cytokine production, endocytosis capacity, and underlying signaling pathways in murine bone marrow-derived DC. We also attempted to ascertain whether d-pinitol could influence Th1/Th2 immune response in vivo. The DC used in this study were derived from murine bone marrow cells, and were used as immature or LPS-stimulated mature DC. The DC were then assessed with regard to surface molecule expression, dextran-FITC uptake, cytokine production, capacity to induce T-cell differentiation, and underlying signaling pathways. d-pinitol was shown to significantly inhibit CD80, CD86, MHC class I, and MHC class II expression in the LPS-stimulated mature DC. The DC also evidenced impaired IL-12 expression and IFN-gamma production. The d-pinitol-treated DC were found to be highly efficient in regards to Ag capture via mannose receptor-mediated endocytosis. d-pinitol was also demonstrated to inhibit LPS-induced MAPKs activation and NF-kappaB nuclear translocation. Moreover, the d-pinitol-treated DC manifested impaired induction of Th1 responses, and normal cell-mediated immune responses. These novel findings provide new insight into the immunopharmacological role of d-pinitol in terms of its effects on DC. These findings also broaden current perspectives concerning our understanding of the immunopharmacological functions of d-pinitol, and have ramifications for the development of therapeutic adjuvants for the treatment of DC-related acute and chronic diseases.

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