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Physiol Res. 2008;57(3):437-42. Epub 2007 Apr 25.

Leptin affects proliferation-, apoptosis- and protein kinase A-related peptides in human ovarian granulosa cells.

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Research Institute of Animal Production, Hlohovská 2, Nitra, Slovakia.


The aim of our in vitro studies was to understand the role of leptin in controlling proliferation, apoptosis, and protein kinase A (PKA) in human ovarian cells. We analyzed the in vitro effects of leptin (0, 1, 10 or 100 ng/ml) on the accumulation of proliferation-related peptides (PCNA, cyclin B1), apoptosis-associated peptide (Bax) and the intracellular signaling molecule PKA in cultured human granulosa cells using immunocytochemistry and Western immunoblotting. It was observed that leptin stimulated in a dose-dependent manner the accumulation of PCNA (at doses 1-100 ng/ml), cyclin B1 (at doses 10 or 100 ng/ml), Bax (at doses 10 or 100 ng/ml) and PKA (at doses 1-100 ng/ml) in cultured human ovarian cells. These observations suggest the ability of leptin to control directly human ovarian cell functions: proliferation, apoptosis, and intracellular messenger PKA.

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