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ACS Chem Biol. 2007 May 22;2(5):337-46. Epub 2007 Apr 27.

Genetically encoded short peptide tags for orthogonal protein labeling by Sfp and AcpS phosphopantetheinyl transferases.

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Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Short peptide tags S6 and A1, each 12 residues in length, were identified from a phage-displayed peptide library as efficient substrates for site-specific protein labeling catalyzed by Sfp and AcpS phosphopantetheinyl transferases (PPTases), respectively. S6 and A1 tags were selected for useful levels of orthogonality in reactivities with the PPTases: the catalytic efficiency, kcat/Km of Sfp-catalyzed S6 serine phosphopantetheinylation was 442-fold greater than that for AcpS. Conversely, the kcat/Km of AcpS-catalyzed A1 labeling was 30-fold higher than that for Sfp-catalyzed A1 labeling. S6 and A1 peptide tags can be fused to N- or C-termini of proteins for orthogonal labeling of target proteins in cell lysates or on live cell surfaces. The development of the orthogonal S6 and A1 tags represents a significant enhancement of PPTase-catalyzed protein labeling, allowing tandem or iterative covalent attachment of small molecules of diverse structures to the target proteins with high efficiency and specificity.

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