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World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Apr 21;13(15):2174-8.

Effect of pre-moxibustion on apoptosis and proliferation of gastric mucosa cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Acupuncture and Massage, Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 113 Shaoshan Middle Road, Changsha 410007, Hunan Province, China. yishouxiang@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

AIM:

To observe the effects of pre-moxibustion on apoptosis and proliferation of gastric mucosal cell in rats with stress-induced ulcer, and to analyze the relationship between those effects and the expression of heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70).

METHODS:

Sixty healthy Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned into four groups, namely group A, B, C and D. The animal model of stress ulcer was established by water immersion and restraint stress. The rats in group A, B, and D served as the restraint, model, and non-acupoint controls, respectively, while those in group C received moxibustion at Zusanli and Liangmen points. Immunohistochemical methodology was used to detect the expression of HSP70, apoptosis index (AI, multiply 10(-6)/microm(2)) and proliferation index (PCNA-LI, multiply 10(-6)/microm(2)). The mucosal expression of transforming growth factor alpha(TGF-alpha) was detected by radioimmunoassay.

RESULTS:

Moxibustion at Zusanli and Liangmen points significantly decreased the gastric injury and the apoptosis of gastric mucosal cells, while markedly increased the mucosal expression of TGF-alpha and HSP70 as well as the proliferation of gastric mucosal cells. Compared with group A, ulcer index (UI) (26.8 +/- 9.8 vs 12.0 +/- 5.9, P < 0.01), AI (9.6 +/- 4.2 vs 4.4 +/- 2.6, P < 0.05) and expression of HSP70 (9.6 +/- 4.2 vs 4.4 +/- 2.6, P < 0.05) were significantly increased, but the content of TGF-alpha (104.7 +/- 51.2 pg/mL vs 254.0 +/- 86.9 pg/mL, P < 0.01) and PCNA-LI (6.9 +/- 4.7 vs 14.9 +/- 4.6, P < 0.05) were significantly decreased in group B. However, ulcer index values (UI) and AI were obviously lower in group C compared to groups B and D (14.1 +/- 5.4 vs 26.8 +/- 9.8 and 26.2 +/- 7.7, P < 0.01; 3.0 +/- 1.6 vs 9.6 +/- 4.2 and 8.2 +/- 5.2, P < 0.05, respectively), but content of TGF-alpha (237.0 +/- 72.6 pg/mL vs 104.7 +/- 51.2 pg/mL and 154.1 +/- 61.3 pg/mL, P < 0.01) and expression of HSP70 (0.13 +/- 0.03 vs 0.08 +/- 0.06 and 0.06 +/- 0.04, P < 0.05) were higher in group C. Furthermore, the PCNA-LI was significantly higher in group C than in group B (21.6 +/- 4.1 vs 6.9 +/- 4.7, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Moxibustion at Zusanli and Liangmen points has a protective effect on rats gastric mucosa in stress-induced gastric ulcer, which is closely related to its actions in promoting synthesis of TGF-alpha and proliferation of gastric mucosal cells, suppressing gastric mucosal cell apoptosis, and up-regulating HSP70 expression.

PMID:
17465496
PMCID:
PMC4146839
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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