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Semin Perinatol. 2007 Apr;31(2):89-95.

Post-discharge nutrition: what does the evidence support?

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53715, USA. frgreer@wisc.edu

Abstract

Although there are no official recommendations for specific nutrient intakes in premature infants after hospital discharge, it is agreed that the goal should be to achieve the body composition and rate of growth of that of a normal fetus of the same postmenstrual age during the entire first year of life. A general recommendation to use the special formulas designed for preterm infants after hospital discharge in place of the formulas for term infants cannot be made from the available evidence at this time. Infants fed human milk after discharge are of the greatest concern as human milk does not in theory meet the requirements for growth in these infants. Such infants should remain on supplemental vitamins and Fe while breastfeeding, and growth as well as serum levels of phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase should be carefully monitored. The increased risk of preterm infants for obesity and the metabolic syndrome secondary to the metabolic/nutritional events early in life (programming) is likely to be small compared with the contribution of other risk factors, such as parental size, weight as an adolescent, and various lifestyle factors such as physical activity.

PMID:
17462493
DOI:
10.1053/j.semperi.2007.02.003
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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