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Neoplasia. 2007 Apr;9(4):332-40.

Necrosis induction in glioblastoma cells reveals a new "bioswitch" function for the MT1-MMP/G6PT signaling axis in proMMP-2 activation versus cell death decision.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Oncologie Moléculaire, Département de Chimie, Centre BIOMED, Université du Québec à Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

Cytoskeleton disorganization is an early step in the activation process of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) by membrane type 1 MMP (MT1-MMP) but is also associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dysfunction and subsequent cell death. Given evidence that the ER-embedded glucose-6-phosphate transporter (G6PT) regulates glioblastoma cell survival and that MT1-MMP is a key enzyme in the cancer cell invasive phenotype, we explored the molecular link between G6PT and MT1-MMP. Cytoskeleton-disrupting agents such as concanavalin A (ConA) and cytochalasin D triggered proMMP-2 activation and cell death in U87 glioma cells. ConA decreased G6PT gene expression, an event that was also observed in cells overexpressing the full-length recombinant MT1-MMP protein. Overexpression of a membrane-bound catalytically active but cytoplasmic domain-deleted MT1-MMP was unable to downregulate G6PT gene expression or to trigger necrosis. Gene silencing of MT1-MMP with small interfering RNA prevented proMMP-2 activation and induced G6PT gene expression. ConA inhibited Akt phosphorylation, whereas overexpression of recombinant G6PT rescued the cells from ConA-induced proMMP-2 activation and increased Akt phosphorylation. Altogether, new functions of MT1-MMP in cell death signaling may be linked to those of G6PT. Our study indicates a molecular signaling axis regulating the invasive phenotype of brain tumor cells and highlights a new "bioswitch" function for G6PT in cell survival.

PMID:
17460777
PMCID:
PMC1854846
DOI:
10.1593/neo.07142
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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