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Gene Ther. 2007 Jul;14(14):1102-10. Epub 2007 Apr 26.

Reversal of streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats by gene therapy with betacellulin and pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1.

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1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Baylor University Medical Center, Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Dallas, TX 75226, USA.

Abstract

Ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) was used to direct betacellulin (BTC) and pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1 (PDX1) to rat pancreas 48 h after islet destruction by streptozotocin (STZ). Sprague-Dawley rats were rendered diabetic by STZ injection. Controls included normal rats, STZ only without UTMD, and UTMD with DsRed reporter gene. Blood glucose increased dramatically in all rats 48 h after STZ, and continued to rise after UTMD with BTC alone. Blood glucose declined from day 3 to day 10 after UTMD with PDX1, but remained elevated (261+/-8 mg/dl). However, in rats treated with both BTC and PDX1, blood glucose remained below 200 mg/dl throughout day 10. This was accompanied by normalization of blood insulin and C-peptide. Histology demonstrated islet-like clusters of glucagon-staining cells in the rats treated with BTC and PDX1, but these clusters disappeared by 30 days after UTMD treatment. Although regeneration of insulin-producing islets was not seen, diabetes was reversed for up to 15 days after a single UTMD treatment by ectopic insulin production by pancreatic acinar cells. These cells co-expressed amylase and insulin and demonstrated several beta-cell markers by reverse transcription-PCR. Gene therapy by UTMD can reverse diabetes in vivo in adult rats by restoring pancreatic insulin production.

PMID:
17460716
DOI:
10.1038/sj.gt.3302963
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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