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Transplantation. 2007 Apr 15;83(7):853-7.

Hepatitis C virus infection and kidney transplantation: predictors of patient and graft survival.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Hume-Lee Transplant Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0248, USA. dgmaluf@vcu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The effect of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on patients undergoing kidney transplantation (KTx) is uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of our HCV+/end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient population based on the therapeutic option including KTx or continuation in dialysis.

METHODS:

KTx performed at Virginia Commonwealth University Hospital between January 2000 and December 2004 were tracked prospectively. Forty-three out of a total of 394 KTx patients included in the analysis were HCV+. A group of 52 contemporaneous HCV+/ESRD patients listed, but never transplanted, was also analyzed. HCV-negative transplanted patients were used as the control group.

RESULTS:

Patient survival posttransplantation was 81.4% and 68.5% at 1 and 3 years in the HCV+ group, and 97.1% and 92.9% at 1 and 3 years in the HCV- group, respectively (P=0.001). Graft survival was 81.2% and 64.1% at 1 and 3 years in the HCV+ group, and 93.2% and 84.1% at 1 and 3 years posttransplantation in the HCV- group (P=0.01). Univariate analysis identified Knodell score as a predictor of mortality in HCV+ patients (P=0.04). Cox proportional hazards multivariate analysis identified deceased donor (P=0.02), previous kidney transplant (P=0.007), pretransplant diabetes (P=0.05), and Knodell Score (P=0.012) as predictors of patient mortality. Patient survival was superior in HCV+ patients undergoing KTx versus remaining on dialysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with ESRD/HCV+ benefit from KTx without achieving the excellent survival of HCV-/ESRD patients. Liver biopsy is a useful tool to identify advanced liver disease at pretransplantation time.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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